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4 Classification Standards for Racial and Diagnostic Records.
It will greatly enhance the value of the present investigation if the records asked for be provided in full by each institution. Your further cooperation is respectfully solicited and will be greatly appreciated.
Chairman Committee on Immigration and Naturalization of the House of Representatives.
January 1, 1922.
Classification Standards followed in preparing data for the schedule "Racial and Diagnostic Records of Inmates of State Institutions."
A. The Racial Classification.
The racial classification followed is, in the main, that given in the "Dictionary of Races of Peoples" (vol. 5 of the Report of the Immigration Commission, Government Printing Office, 1911). In the present study the races are as follows:
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4. Australian (white).
10. Holland (Dutch).
15. German Jew.
16. Polish Jew.
17. Russian Jew.
19. Spanish-American (Indian).
20. Spanish-American (White).
21. Mexican Indian.
22. Mexican Spanish.
25. North Italian.
26. South Italian.
30. Polish ("Polack")
50. Magyar (Hungarian).
52. Turkish (Cossack, etc.).
56. Pacific Islander (Hawaiian).
57. East Indian (Malay).
58. American Negro.
59. West Indian Negro.
60. American Indian.
61. "Mountain White."
62. "American Yankee."
63. "American Southerner."
64. "Middle West American."
65. Other races.
B. The Diagnostic Classification of Inmates of Custodial or Residential Institutions.
(a) Primary Classification.
1. Feeble-minded (including the mentally backward).
2. Insane (including the neurotic and the psychopathic).
3. Criminalistic (including the delinquent and wayward).
5. Inebriate (including drug habitués).
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6. Diseased (including the tuberuculose, syphilitic, leperous, and others with chronic infectious segregated diseases).
7. Blind (including those with greatly impaired vision).
8. Deaf (including those with greatly impaired hearing).
9. Crippled (including the deformed and the ruptured).
10. Dependent (including orphans, old folks, soldiers, and sailors in homes and institutions).
(b) Secondary Classification.
I. The Feeble-Minded - Basis of classification: Clinical type and etiology.
1. Moronic (simple functional).
4. [Amantotic] idiotic.
7. Other endocrinopathic types (thymic, gonadic,adrenic, parathyroidal, etc.).
8. Anesthetic (resulting from defective sight or hearing).
9. Toxic (resulting principally from disease, including the hydrocephalic type).
10. Traumatic (resulting from injury).
11. Idiot savant (in memory, mathematics, chess playing, music, etc.).
12. Other types.
Note. - If, in addition to this classification based on clinical types, the officers who fill out this schedule care to make a second classification on the basis of mental level or mental age, the data would be very valuable; but for the particular purpose in hand, the classification on the basis of clinical variety or type is the essential one.
II. The Insane. - Basis of classification; Clinical type and etiology.
1. Traumatic psychoses:
(a) Traumatic delirious.
(b) Traumatic constitution.
(c) Post-traumatic mental enfeeblement (dementia).
(d) Other types.
2. Senile psychoses:
(a) Simple deterioration.
(b) Presbyophrenic type.
(c) Delirious and confused types.
(d) Depressed and agitated types.
(e) Paranoid types.
(f) Pre-senile type.
(g) Other types.
3. Psychoses with cerebral arteriosclerosis.
4. General paralysis.
5. Psychosis with cerebral syphilis.
6. Psychosis with Huntington's chorea.
7. Psychosis with brain tumor.
8. Psychosis with other brain or nervous diseases.
(a) Cerebral embolism.
(b) Paralysis agitans.
(c) Meningitis, tubercular or other forms (to be specified).
(d) Multiple sclerosis.
(e) [Tabos] dorsalis.
(f) Acute chorea.
(g) Other diseases (to be specified).
9. Alcoholic psychoses.
(a) Pathological intoxication.
(b) Delirium tremens.
(c) [Kerskow's] psychosis.
(d) Acute hallucinosis.
(e) Chronic hallucinosis.
(f) Acute paranoid type.
(g) Chronic paranoid type.
(h) Alcoholic deterioration.
(i) Other types, acute or chronic.